Tuesday, February 16, 2021
Friday, January 22, 2021
When was the last time you saw a Snail 🐌?
They are going extinct!!
Here is a pick of one we captured in Manhattan Beach on The Strand on January 2021
Fun Fact: Snails have the most teeth of any animal.
Snails teeth are not like regular teeth. A snail’s teeth are arranged in rows on its TONGUE. A garden snail has about 14,000 teeth while other species can have over 20,000! But that’s not even the most shocking part: The teeth of an aquatic snail called the limpet are the strongest known biological material on Earth, even stronger than titanium!
Tuesday, January 19, 2021
Vitamin D Can Help Reduce COVID-19 Risks: Here’s How
Stay on top of the COVID-19 pandemic
Vitamin D Can Help Reduce COVID-19 Risks: Here’s How
Experts say vitamin D can help bolster the immune system, allowing it to better combat illnesses such as COVID-19.
-A new study concludes that people with prediabetes who take vitamin D supplements can lower their risk of type 2 diabetes.
-Past research indicates that vitamin D can positively affect blood sugar levels, inflammation, and insulin production.
-It can be difficult to obtain enough vitamin D through your diet, so sunshine and supplements can be options.
People with prediabetes who supplement with at least 1,000 units per day of vitamin D may significantly reduce their risk of progressing to a diagnosis of type 2 diabetes.
That’s the conclusion of recent research published in The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism.
The meta-analysis included nearly 45,000 participants from nine previous clinical trials. Those participating had an average age of 65 years.
With the large sample size, the researchers said they were striving to determine more clearly if a deficiency in vitamin D increases the risk of type 2 diabetes and if supplements taken by people with prediabetes could prevent further progression of the disease.
Past research has determined that about 41 percentTrusted Source of the U.S. population has lower than normal vitamin D levels.
When focusing on specific ethnicities, nearly 82 percent of African American adults and 62 percent of Hispanic adults were found to be deficient in vitamin D. The factors for those percentages included obesity, lack of college education, and lack of daily milk consumption.
Dr. Zachary Bloomgarden, a professor at Mount Sinai Hospital in New York City specializing in endocrine and diabetes care, says the association between vitamin D and type 2 diabetes has been studied many times.
“The random controlled trials have not convincingly showed that vitamin D prevents diabetes, but subset analogies suggest that the group of individuals with low vitamin D levels are protected from diabetes by taking a vitamin D supplement,” Bloomgarden told Healthline.
A 2017 studyTrusted Source posed theories that vitamin D affects blood sugar levels and reduces the risk of type 2 diabetes in three ways: insulin production, insulin sensitivity, and overall inflammation.
And this doesn’t just apply to adults.
In a studyTrusted Source focused on Swedish youth who have obesity, vitamin D deficiency and prediabetes were identified in 33 percent of the participants.
“Vitamin D is really a prohormone,” explained Bloomgarden. “Chemically, it’s a steroid hormone.”
The fact that insulin is also a hormone convinces some experts that there is a relationship between insulin and vitamin D. Many people with low vitamin D levels have also been found to have overall immune deficiencies.
Bloomgarden adds, however, that while vitamin D deficiency is common in people with obesity and type 2 diabetes, it’s difficult to say what causes what.
Vitamin D levels: What’s normal?
Vitamin D is a fat-soluble vitamin, which means it can be stored in fat cells like vitamins A, E, and K.
The storage factor means a person can consume too much of any fat-soluble vitamin and experience negative effects.
Other vitamins are water-soluble, which means that consuming too much will prompt the body to excrete the excess material through the urine.
Unlike most other vitamins, it’s difficult to obtain vitamin D from your diet. Instead, sunlight exposure triggers the synthesis of vitamin D in the human body.
“Vitamin D deficiency is common in the general population, but mild degrees of vitamin D deficiency is not associated with any noticeable symptoms or issues,” explained Bloomgarden.
At his practice, Bloomgarden says he measures vitamin D levels in all patients. Anyone with a deficiency is treated with a supplement.
He says that in people with obesity, vitamin D deficiency is significant and common.
Bloomgarden classifies his patients’ vitamin D levels as the following:
- Normal: 30 nanograms per milliliter (ng/mL)
- Mild deficiency: 20 to 30 ng/mL
- Moderate deficiency: 10 to 20 ng/mL
- Severe deficiency: below 10 ng/mL
“I don’t always treat someone with a mild deficiency,” explained Bloomgarden, adding there doesn’t seem to be any noticeable benefit for those people.
Bloomgarden recommends the following replacement doses based on your vitamin D levels:
- 20 to 25 ng/mL: 2,000 units per day
- 15 to 20 ng/mL: 2,000 units per day
- 10 to 15 ng/mL: 3,000 units per day
- Below 10 ng/mL: 4,000 units per day for 1 month, then reduce
Bloomgarden said that older theories on vitamin D replacement and supplementation recommended only 400 units per day, but newer research shows that isn’t enough.
“I’d only measure a patient’s levels again if they were severely low in the initial testing,” explained Bloomgarden. “After a month or several months of supplementation, I’d measure again. I’d also measure calcium levels to ensure we’re not overdosing vitamin D.”
Taking too much vitamin D can significantly increase the amount of calcium you absorb from the foods you eat. While this may sound like a good thing, it can become dangerous at high enough levels.
“Elevated blood calcium leads to a number of issues, including kidney stones,” said Bloomgarden.
There have been recommendations of up to 10,000 units per day, which Bloomgarden feels isn’t necessary or safe.
“One thousand units per day for most people is plenty,” said Bloomgarden. “Very few people need more than that.”
Monday, December 14, 2020
How to Build Your Own Workout Routines – Advice From a Two-Time Olympian
- First Pull– Lift the bar by straightening your knees and pushing your hips forward whilst maintaining a nice flat back and keeping the bar as close to your legs as possible.
- Second Pull– this second phase begins when the bar is in contact with your middle thigh. By forcefully extending the hips (pushing them forwards) and standing tall, the bar will naturally travel upwards. Bend your arms at the elbow to keep the bar close to the body and prevent it moving outwards.
- Catch– when the bar reaches its highest point after the second pull, you must drop under it as quickly as possible in order to catch it. As the load increases this may require significant bending of the knees and the adoption of a front squat position.
- Dumbbell Bench Press: Why dumbbells? Because they require you to use more muscles to stabilize the movement than a barbell. Not only does this mean you have to work harder during your set but it also means you can’t rely on the dominant strength of one side of your body to get the job done.
- Dumbbell special: A slightly unorthodox looking exercise which works a wider group of muscles and requires more control than a traditional chest press machine or barbell bench press.
- Weighted press ups: A great way of making traditional press ups a little tougher and more about improving strength rather than muscle endurance.
- Disc pull
- Wide Grip Pull ups
- Seated cable row
- Dumbbell reverse fly
- Single arm dumbbell row
Wednesday, November 11, 2020
Sarah Emma Edmonds joined the United States Army to “fight for her country” in the Civil War. She disguised her sex and used the name Frank Thompson. A nurse in the Second Volunteers of the United States Army, she was unique because she able to remain in the army for several years and was successful as a Union spy, while impersonating a man.
Cathay Williams, born in Independence Mo., was the first African American female to enlist, serving in the United States Army as William Cathay. She was a Buffalo Soldier, passing herself off as a man. She survived smallpox and several other illnesses. She was one of the first women to enlist in the Army and was the first African American woman to do so.
Dr. Mary Edwards Walker volunteered for the Union Army as a civilian nurse, as the Army had no female surgeons. She was finally awarded a commission as a “Contract Acting Assistant Surgeon,” becoming the first-ever female U.S Army surgeon. She often crossed battle lines to treat the injured civilians and was captured by Confederate troops and arrested as a spy. She was released and went on to supervise orphanages, become a writer and lecturer, advocating for women’s rights. Walker is the only woman to receive the Medal of Honor.
Eileen Collins: an inspiration to many young women reaching for the stars.
Irene Kinne Englund was born in El Paso, Texas. She piloted military aircraft during World War II as a member of the Women Air Force Service Pilots. She transported medical patients, ferried military aircraft and towed aerial gunnery targets. Because she was such a skilled pilot, she was one of the few women to be awarded Veteran status by the military.
Eileen Collins grew up reading about famous pilots such as Amelia Earhart and other women pilots who inspired her to earn a pilot’s license. During Operation Grenada in 1983, she flew evacuated medical students and their families out of Grenada. In 1998, Eileen Collins became the first Woman Space Shuttle Commander. She is an inspiration to many young women who are also reaching for the stars.